The dogs of the Red Cross were first brought into service during the First World War. Many different breeds were employed, including mixed breeds. The dogs were “drafted” into service from private owners, many of whom volunteered their family pets for the training. Look at the recruiting poster below!
WarDogs were started during WWI, in many European countries, as well as Canada, while the United States lagged behind because they lacked a proper training program for the canines. Instead, The U.S. military purchased trained dogs from France. The American Expeditionary Forces began utilizing their dogs in late 1918 as Sentry Guards. The American Military still had no plans for their own training of canine units until after the beginning of WWII. In 1942, Military, and Red Cross dogs began to be prepared for work in facilities located in Virginia, Fort Robinson, Nebraska, Camp Rimini Montana, and San Carlos, California.